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How to pass through CSRF protection for Python-Django application using Curl

Django's CSRF Middleware is used to protect users from cross site request forgeries. When making an http request it must contain X-CSRF-Token header provided by Django web framework. Web browsers do this automatically by making a custom request firstly and get the token. Then use this token to pass CSRF protection. I just want to show how to simulate the same behavior by using curl command. Note that the http://<your-domain>/<your-url-path> is not a LoginRequired url. When the first curl command run, the response is saved into /tmp/cookie.txt and the contents look like: # Netscape HTTP Cookie File # # This file was generated by libcurl! Edit at your own risk. #HttpOnly_ FALSE / TRUE 1642434093 csrftoken A123b2O9LPLFcGe7zODhTNpEKKYKYp987B7u3E0t1FDDDWTGYbXHu83dEek6P3cN X-CSRF-Token can be extracted from this file, then we run the second curl command for the actual request.
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Listing Zimbra Accounts with Some Details

Recently I have to export the user list for a particular domain. Luckily Zimbra has Admin GUI with a search feature. When you search accounts, you can download search results as a comma-separated csv file. So I did a search and download the result file, but the result did not have all the columns I need and also there is no option for customizing columns for search results. So I had to write a bash script to get the desired list. Here is the bash script ( It can be customized by adding or removing field names. Run it under zimbra user like ./ <domain_name_here> ):

Creating Multiple VLANs over Bonding Interfaces with Proper Routing on a Centos Linux Host

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Python Script for Generating Random Passwords

This Python script is practical for generating random passwords. A password contains: 7 lowercase alphabetic characters. 2 uppercase alphabetic characters. 2 numeric characters. 1 special character. (special char will be one of these: ! + % ? * - _ )