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cp command man page

CP(1) User Commands CP(1)

NAME
       cp - copy files and directories

SYNOPSIS
       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

DESCRIPTION
       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory  arguments  to long  options are mandatory for short options
       too.

       -a, --archive
     same as -dR --preserve=all

       --backup[=CONTROL]
     make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       --copy-contents
     copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=link

       -f, --force
     if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it  and
     try again

       -i, --interactive
     prompt before overwrite

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links

       -l, --link
     link files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
     always follow symbolic links

       -P, --no-dereference
     never follow symbolic links

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

       --preserve[=ATTR_LIST]
     preserve the   specified   attributes (default:  mode,owner-
     ship,timestamps), if possible  additional attributes:  context,
     links, xattr, all

       -c     same as --preserve=context

       --no-preserve=ATTR_LIST
     don’t preserve the specified attributes

       --parents
     use full source file name under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
     copy directories recursively

       --remove-destination
     remove  each existing destination file before attempting to open
     it (contrast with --force)

       --sparse=WHEN
     control creation of sparse files

       --strip-trailing-slashes remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE
     argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
     make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
     override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
     copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
     treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
     copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than  the  destination
     file or when the destination file is missing

       -v, --verbose
     explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
     stay on this file system

       -Z, --context=CONTEXT
     set security context of copy to CONTEXT

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
     output version information and exit

       By  default,  sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and
       the corresponding DEST file is made sparse as well.  That is the behav-
       ior  selected  by  --sparse=auto.   Specify --sparse=always to create a
       sparse DEST file whenever  the  SOURCE  file  contains  a  long enough
       sequence of  zero  bytes.   Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of
       sparse files.

       The  backup  suffix  is ‘~’,  unless  set  with  --suffix   or  SIM-
       PLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The version control method may be selected via the
       --backup option or through the  VERSION_CONTROL environment  variable.
       Here are the values:

       none, off
     never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
     make numbered backups

       existing, nil
     numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
     always make simple backups

       As  a  special  case,  cp  makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and
       backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name  for  an
       existing, regular file.

AUTHOR
       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This  is free  software.   You may redistribute copies of it under the
       terms  of  the   GNU    General  Public       License
       <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the
       extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo  manual.   If
       the  info and cp programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
       mand

     info cp

       should give you access to the complete manual.

cp 5.97   May 2011 CP(1)

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